Intestine Problems in Cats – What are the Causes?

What is folding of the intestines or turned intestines?

A fold in the intestine can damage the protective mucus membrane of the G.I. tract, allowing bacteria and toxins to enter the system. In extreme cases the swelling in the affected area may result in necrosis which is tissue death.

A change in the shape of the intestine can cause the affected portion of the intestine to slip out of its normal place (prolapse) into an adjoining cavity or duct in the body. Intussusception the medical term which is used to describe this condition, also in relation to a folded portion of the intestine (invagination) causing that section of the intestinal tract to be blocked either of these conditions can result in inflammation of the intestines.

This can happen in all ages of cats, especially with kittens since they are exploring and not so fussy with what they eat, the obstruction can be partial or complete which the occurrence of an intussusception eventually leads to an obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract.

There are various things that can cause gastrointestinal obstruction, gastric outflow obstruction, in which the path of the stomach contents is obstructed, foreign bodies that have been ingested, a tumour, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, pyloric stenosis which is a condition that causes severe vomiting. Small intestinal obstruction, where the path of the small intestines is in some way obstructed, hernias, intussusception where the small intestine slides into the next, causing blockage, or mes enteric torsion, which is a twisting of the intestines around its mes enteric axis, that is the connective membrane between the intestines and the abdominal wall.

Some common causes are intestinal parasites like roundworms, hookworms, whip worms, viral or bacterial.

What are the symptoms? Difficulty in breathing, Bloody vomit, vomiting, inability to swallow food, Abdominal pain, Abdominal distention which occurs when substances such as air gas or fluid accumulate in the abdomen causing its outward expansion beyond the normal girth of the stomach. It is a symptom of an underlying disease or dysfunction in the body rather than an illness.

Symptoms of Intussusception low in the intestinal tract? Bloody diarrhoea known as melena, occasional vomiting, Loss of appetite, weight loss, straining to defecate.

A vet will x-ray or put a camera down to see what is happening and if surgery is needed will often provide antibiotics in severe cases this can be fatal.

Cats need a balance diet to recover.

 Suggested Solutions: Treat for worms and parasites, thyme and garlic can also help and digestive enzymes, if the intestine has moved or no improvement them seek medical advice

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